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Aurora magazine

Low-dose aspirin in pregnancy for the prevention of preeclampsia

Pregnant women should be very careful with taking medication and always consult your doctor. This principle also applies to a discovery made by a group of Canadian researchers. A Laval University team analyzed the effects of aspirin during pregnancy. He has thus found that in small doses prevents preeclampsia and anomalies in fetal weight.

Preeclampsia is a multisistemic disorder that causes anomalies in placenta formation and functions. The mother increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease such as chronic hypertension and stroke. In addition, along with a low birth weight, it is one of the main dangers to the child's health. Children born to mothers with preeclampsia are more likely to have stroke and coronary arthritis when adults.

The researchers started from earlier studies to find new possible treatments for the disorder. They have analyzed 45 studies, for a total of 20,909 pregnant women. They focused on subjects who claimed to have taken aspirin during pregnancy, also taking the dosage. They therefore sought a correlation between reducing risk of preeclampsia and taking aspirin during pregnancy. They also looked for optimal dosage to get the best effects.

Part of the women had received aspirin, part of a placebo, and a third part had received nothing. The researchers divided the cases according to the dosage and the period during which puerpers had begun taking. The first group included women who had started before the 16th week, the second after 16th.

The group who started treatment before the 16th week showed a lower rate of preeclampsia. Even the weight of children at birth was on average higher than those who had not hired anything. In addition, a lower dosage is attained. Discovery is in line with what has been highlighted in previous studies. Nevertheless, before you start taking regular aspirin in pregnancy, it is best to wait for other studies. During pregnancy it is advisable for the mother to monitor her health and that of the baby: a healthy diet and regular medical checkups are recommended. Prenatal screening tests such as fetal DNA test detect chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus.