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Aurora magazine

Rheumatoid arthritis: causes and symptoms

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease affecting the joints. The membrane that envelops them flashes and in this way causes progressive erosion of the cartilage. It is a very painful and very debilitating disease that limits the freedom of movement of those who suffer.

Rheumatoid arthritis affects mainly women between the ages of 35 and 50. It is an autoimmune disease, in which the person's immune system attacks the body itself. Specifically, white blood cells flatten against joint tissues and cause inflammation.

Chronic inflammation affects mainly synovium, the tissue that secures the lubricant for cartilage and bones. This thickens and with time it eats cartilage and entire bone parts. Muscles and ligaments that support the articulation weaken and labor to perform their functions.

Inflammation occurs with redness, swelling and pain. Those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis make it even harder to move and the situation is only destined to get worse. Timely intervention, however, can undermine bone damage and improve patient conditions.

The causes of the disease are still unclear. It is known that there are genetic factors: many patients have anomalies related to the functioning of the immune system. According to scholars, however, they would have a partial role in the manifestation of the disease. Genetic predisposition would be important but not decisive.

Given the uncertainty surrounding the disease, today most of the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are addressed. The treatments are aimed at: alleviating pain; Reduce inflammation; Curb the damage. For this purpose it acts both pharmacologically and by acting on the lifestyle.

When the disease is in acute phase, rest allows the joints to recover from inflammation. On the other hand, in the quiet moments a bit of exercise helps to strengthen the muscles and to safeguard joint mobility.