A new study analyzes the potential of genetic tests in the field of sports training. According to the researchers, the tests will help create personalized cards and prevent the risk of injury. For the moment it is still science fiction, but with the advancement of technology the future is approaching.
Regular physical activity improves health and reduces the risk of chronic diseases. On the other hand, the type of exercise should change from person to person. Beyond nutrition and socio-economic factors, in fact, even genetics plays a fundamental role in the outcome of training. The presence of unknown heart conditions even increases the risk of heart attack during intense physical activities. Some genetic variants, on the other hand, increase the risk of tendon injury.
The study "Genetic testing for exercise prescription and injury prevention" analyzes the progress made in the application of genetic tests to the sports field. The authors evaluated data from previous studies to identify genes related to different types of lesions. According to the study, this data could be used to develop new genetic tests for the development of personalized workouts.
Genetic tests for the sports field could help those suffering from Marfan syndrome. It is a genetic disease caused by a mutation in the gene that codes for fibrillin-1. Those suffering from this condition have very long limbs and a slim structure, common characteristics among basketball and volleyball players. Genetic testing could help identify those suffering from it, reducing the risk of aneurysm and aortic dissection.